Are you wondering about pruning your grape vines? Did you know that there are different ways on how you can prune grape vines depending on what stage they are?
Get to know how you can prune them by reading the information below.
Grape vines required to be trained for them to be able to grow and produce high-quality grapes for wine making.
Using certain hand tools and care, you can start pruning your grape vines, and care is essential to avoid your plant to get injured.
Pruning is necessary to ensure that you are getting rid of the material in the plant that has previously grown last year, thus allowing the vine to regrow every single year.
Here are different ways on how to prune grape vines:
Pruning Grape Vines for Transplant
Reducing the Shoots Before Transplanting
The first thing that you need to do if you have purchased a newly planted grape, you will notice that the root system is quite dense.
You will also start seeing that there are shoots that are rising out from the plant’s top part.
Before transplanting the grape plant, it would be best to start cutting the shoots. Always remember to leave the most intact ones.
Cutting the Lowest Buds of your Grape Vine
Once you are done reducing the shoots, the next thing that you need to do is to start cutting the buds.
The lowest three buds should be cut and as well as the bud that is above the third bud.
Removing Shoots After Growing Newer Ones
Once you transplant the grape vine, you will notice that there will be newer shoots that are green that will start to form.
They will then reach a length of about 8 to 12 inches, and this is the time where you will have to choose the best shoot so you can remove the other ones.
The best shoot should be almost upright and strong. The shoot should also be from the original stem of your vine.
Maintaining the Main Shoot
Now you need to support the main shoot by ensuring that you are supporting the remaining shoot by tying it to the fence or stake.
For the entire summer, it would be best to start tying the shoot and make sure that it maintains straight.
The reason why this shoot is important is that it will act as the plant's permanent trunk and should last all throughout the vine life's duration.
Pruning During the First Season of Dormancy
Checking that the Trunk is Sturdy
At the end of the first season of dormancy, you can check the previous growth of the year, and the vine should at least be 30 inches in length.
But if the vine is not tall enough, you can cut the three buds and repeat the initial routine for pruning.
This tip here is important if you want the grape vine to have a trunk that is sturdy. You can also do this every February or March and after the heavy frost is over.
Trimming a Health Plant Down
The next thing that you need to do is to start cutting a healthy plant down. If the plant reached 30 inches in length, you need to find the first bud which is usually positioned at the upper part.
Once you have located it, cut the vine that is above that bud. After you’re done, you can tie that shoot to the support system of the vine, which is near the top part.
Prune Vines Differently
For shoots that are longer than 30 inches in length, you need to tie it to the support system at the height of 30 inches, and there should be 4 to 5 buds above.
You can gently bend the remaining length for it to reach the tie.
Now if the shoot has started to put laterals on the side, you can choose the closest 2 laterals and tie it at the height of 30 inches. You can start pruning it down to 3 or 5 buds.
Maintaining the Shoots During the Summer
Start monitoring for new shoots that will start forming during the summer season.
If you notice any shoots that come from the lower part of the trunk or the root, then cutting them off immediately is essential.
Always remember that the right shoots should always be trained during the summer and don’t forget to tie them to the support system of your grape vine.
Pruning Vines that are Established with Cane Pruning
Choosing the Canes
When choosing the cane, you need to make sure that you are going to choose something with the identical thickness of the pinky finger.
It would also be best to select the ones that are near the head of the drunk to ensure that they won’t be too long.
Pruning the Canes
The next thing that you need to do is to prune the cane until there are only 10 buds that will remain. The remaining part should be tied to the support system.
Setting a Cane or Two
You need to choose another shoot, and they should be thinner than the initial cane. Prune them until two buds are remaining.
The cane will act as the source of renewal during the next year’s production of cane. The ones that are not selected should be cut at the trunk level.
Wrapping Up Different Ways on How to Prune Grape Vines
Always remember to prune them carefully to avoid damages and injuries to your vine and only to use clean and sharp pruning tools when cutting.
You also need to remember to do the pruning around the months of February to March, and you need to ensure that the heavy freezing months have already past.
Start pruning grape vines now for you to be able to promote growth to them for the next year. Knowing how to prune grape vines will surely provide you with an all year round supply of great grapes for wine purposes and such.