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Foxtail Fern | How to Grow & Care Guide

Fascinating, fluffy, and easy to grow and care for, the Foxtail Fern is an excellent option for those looking to spruce up their gardens and add some lively lusciousness to their homes.

For beginner growers looking at how to grow Foxtail Fern, this article will outline all the necessary steps and processes to follow and offer some Foxtail Fern care tips.  


Foxtail Fern Grow & Care Guide

What is a Foxtail Fern?

What is a Foxtail Fern?

The Foxtail Fern is a great pick for any outdoor or indoor scenario or setting with pine needle-like leaves, thick and bushy stems, and vibrant green colours. 

Also known as the Asparagus Densiflorus or Myers Fern, these plants are perennial evergreens part of the asparagus family. Don't miss our complete growing guide on Asparagus fern or Asparagus setaceus.

Originating from South Africa, the Foxtail Fern utilizes seeds to reproduce rather than spores. Boasting beautiful feather-like stems, these plants produce white flowers that will later become tiny red berries during spring.

Please note that these berries are toxic to humans and pets. Foxtail Ferns can be misleading as one would think by looking at them that they are delicate or fragile. However, this is not the case. 

They are aggressive growers and can easily dominate garden beds. Should you wish to plant them in a pot, they can be much more manageable. However, planting them in a garden will require more effort and attention.

If you are looking at how to grow Foxtail Fern, let’s first take a look at a few key components this plant requires:

  • Requires partial shade inland & full sun on the coast
  • The soil should be well-draining
  • pH within the ground should be moderately acidic
  • USDA Hardiness Zone is best within the 9-11 zones
  • You don’t need too thoroughly as Foxtail Ferns store water within their tuberous roots
  • Keep them slightly moist so that the soil can dry between watering sessions
  • There is no need for excessive use of fertilizer. Just use a good, organic compost
  • The Foxtail Fern can grow as tall as three feet
  • If planted in a pot, try to turn the pot slightly now and then to guarantee even sun disbursement
  • The lowest temperature this plant can withstand is around 50 degrees

Propagating Foxtail Fern

Using the red berries it produces, you can propagate using the seeds found within the berries. This is the easiest way to go about it.

We recommend using division and propagating in the spring. Your first watering should be abundant.

How to Grow Foxtail Fern

How to Grow Foxtail Fern

Luckily, growing these fluffy plants is quite simple. They grow best in temperatures between 65 and 75 degrees. Using a high-quality potting mix formulated for tropical plants is recommended when planting.

This plant is fast-growing naturally, so avoid over-fertilizing. As it is such an aggressive grower, frequent pruning is needed, especially to curb growth upwards to retain a pleasing, bushy appearance. 

Avoid using a pot that is too big initially as this can lead to too much water retention within the soil and, therefore, rot. Start with a modest pot size, and you can always re-pot into a larger container later in the process.

When the roots begin to grow out of the soil, you will know it is time for a larger home for your Foxtail. When moving over to a larger pot, try to avoid going bigger than about two inches to avoid the growth becoming too aggressive. 

Initially, the plant will need more shade, but it should become more immune to drought once matured. In the colder winter months, you can allow more sunlight throughout the day.

Should you find that the plant is becoming too bushy and the larger stems begin to overshadow the new growth, you can split the Foxtail Fern into two pots as long as you separate the roots gently.

You can also cut away more giant stems, especially if they have started to brown.

Check out our Pruning Shears Buying Guide

Watering Your Asparagus Densiflorus

Propagating foxtail fern

As the Foxtail Fern originates from a temperate climate, watering can be thorough so long as you let the top three or four inches dry before your next watering. 

If potted, allow good drainage to avoid soaked soil. Should you live in a region that only gets limited dry months, this plant is perfect as its tuberous roots store plenty of water and nutrients.

In winter, you can water far less frequently. Just be sure not to let the soil dry out completely. Watering with ambient temperate water is recommended. You can even mist the plant if you prefer this method. 

Here is our review on the Best Watering Can for 2021

Humidity & Temperature

Again, this forest plant is native to South Africa, which has a hot, humid climate for the most part. A 40% to 50% humidity level is recommended.

You can achieve this by placing the plant on a wet pebble tray or regularly misting the fronds. Try to avoid placing the Foxtail Fern near hot or cold air vents within your home if potted indoors. 

As mentioned earlier, ideal temperatures are between 65 and 75 degrees.

Fertilizing Myers Fern

Foxtail fern care

Fertilize your soil once a year to avoid yellowing leaves for matured ferns. Foxtail Ferns do well with both liquid fertilizer at half strength or slow-release fertilizer.

We also recommend using rich, organic compost. Fertilize in the spring and top up as needed throughout the growing months.


Thankfully, the Myers Fern is known not to be susceptible to any pests or diseases. 

Common Uses

Foxtail Fern Frequently Asked Questions

Asparagus Densiflorus or Myers Fern are perennial evergreens part of the asparagus family

Can Foxtail Fern take full sun? 

Yes. It can also thrive in partial shade. Overall, it is not a fussy plant.

How do you make Foxtail Fern bushy?

Regular pruning, specifically of the upwards stems, can ensure a more bushy and luscious appearance. 

Do Foxtail Ferns need humidity?

Yes, as they are tropical plants, medium humidity and moist soil are ideal. 

How often should I water my Foxtail Fern?

About once per week should suffice. 

Is Foxtail Fern poisonous to humans and dogs?

Yes, the red berries are poisonous to humans and pets.

How far apart do you plant Foxtail Ferns?

Spacing them around 18 to 24 inches apart is ideal.

How big do Foxtail Ferns get?

Moderate growth is around 2 to 3 inches tall and 2 to 3 inches wide.

Are Foxtail Ferns invasive?

They certainly can be due to their aggressive growth and extensive root system. Spacing them properly in your garden is recommended.

What goes well with Foxtail Fern?

The aeonium palm, sago palm, and jade plant are suitable matches beside your Foxtail.

Here is our complete guide to help you grow and care for sago palm.

Do Foxtail Ferns clean the air?

Some studies have suggested that they can help clean the air of toxins such as ammonia and benzene.

Do you want to add more ferns to your garden mix? See our how to grow and care guide for Maidenhair ferns

Wrapping Up Our Foxtail Fern Guide

Easy to grow and propagate, the Myers Fern is an excellent option for an attractive, forest-style plant for your garden or home. Being evergreen, they are brilliant for decorative purposes and do not take ill easily. 

They are aggressive growers and are not fragile, meaning you do not need to be an expert gardener to enjoy this gorgeous plant.

With its thick and bushy stems, it is perfect for adding some luscious beauty to your garden or home without the hassle of intensive care or pest control.

About the Author Mabel Vasquez

Mabel has enjoyed a long career as a horticulturist, working in nurseries and greenhouses for many years. Although she loves all plants, Mabel has developed a particular passion over the years for herb gardens and indoor plants. Mabel has since retired from her horticulture career and loves sharing her many years of experience with our audience here at Sumo Gardener.

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