Are you planning to make your worm farm?
Did you know that you can actually create one on your own in your home?
If you are one of the many people, who want to have their worm farm then knowing how to make a worm farm correctly is essential.
People tend to purchase a worm farm, which can be very expensive. This is the reason why more and more people are looking for ways on how they can make their worm farms.
Creating your own is cheaper by almost 50% since you no longer have to purchase materials that are expensive and a professional to do all the work for you. Start making your worm farm by reading the information below.
Choosing the Right Bins
The first thing that you need to do is to determine the right number and size of containers that you need. The most common ones are the plastic made ones and are typically sold at hardware stores, camping outlets, and supermarkets.
This plastic made storage is the most common one and ideal for a worm farm. The sides of this storage aren’t vertical but are tapered for you to be able to stack them conveniently.
Typically a plastic storage bin is not expensive, and they come in different sizes. If you plan just to create a worm farm that is small, then 3 containers of about 10 gallons each would be enough. Bigger bins with multiple tiers would be perfect for people who have vast gardens.
Placing the Sump in the Bin
The sump which is positioned at the lower part of the bin is configured in a different manner since its use is to absorb the excess leachate or the compost tea or worm tea.
You can fit the sump in a 15-millimeter barrel tap and make sure that there is a drilled hole in the base for better drainage. The tap is not needed, but if you want to avoid the job to become messy, then adding a tap is essential.
Preparing the Two Upper Worm Bins
You need to start drilling small holes at the bins as this will help them to drain properly. Proper ventilation can also be achieved if the holes are spaced at least 50 millimeters apart.
To add aeration, the holes should at least be 4 inches below the bin’s top rim. By doing these, you no longer have to drill some holes in the lid, since there will be enough along the sides of the bin.
Adding Some Packers or Spacers
Adding some packers or spacers is needed to ensure that the worms will have space to work. This will only ensure that the compost will have enough space when it starts to accumulate.
You can add 6 to 8 inches height of Packers or spacers in between the two bins on the upper part and smaller types of packers or spacers in the lower bin. You may use sealed jars or wood blocks as Packers.
Using Packers is essential to ensure that the tapered worms will prevent from jamming into each other. It will also provide better ventilation since it will give a gap in between the bins.
Protecting the Bin from Infestation or Escapees
Since there will be gaps in between the bins, escaping worms is possible, and even the infestation of the fly is. For you to be able to protect the bin and avoid the worms from escaping. You need to use a few sheets of newspaper and wet them.
Once you are done, you and lay them on the bedding. Take a couple more paper sheet and start rolling them for you to be able to roll and tuck them in the corners or the gaps of your bins. The newspaper will serve as a seal which will keep the bin protected.
Setting Up the Worm in the Bin
Now that the bin is ready, the next thing that you need to do is to establish the worms in the bin with bedding that is fibrous such as a coconut coir or even a newspaper that is shredded.
Add in a little amount of compost and a couple of handful of soil. Once you’re done, start covering the food with bedding material to help the pests get discouraged and ensure that the lid is tightly closed.
Getting the Needed Worms
Of course for you to get started, you need to get the needed worms. Some of the most common types of worms used when it comes to composting is the Eisenia Fetida. They are sold by the pound at different gardening stores or even bait shop.
Don’t buy a lot of worms since you are making your worm farm at home. A pound will do since it is already equivalent to a thousand worms. They will start to reproduce and regulate, so you don’t have to worry about anything. Just add some food for them to be able to regulate freely.
Keeping the Worm Farm Hydrated
It is strongly critical not to let the worm farm hydrated by sprinkling the bedding with water. This is necessary if the food scraps are not producing enough moisture.
Start Feeding the Worms
One of the best food that worms will love are table scraps, but make sure to avoid animal products or oil, such as fat, meat or bone. Yogurt, butter and other dairy products should be prevented as well.
Feeding them with citrus is okay since the peels will help the bin to inoculate with all the useful stuff that the worm needs to start working. Just don’t over feed them with too much coffee grounds and citrus.
Know When to Stop Feeding
Now it is necessary to know when to stop feeding as too much can cause problems as well. You will know this when the bin starts being production and the worms starts to multiply as well.
When the compost begins to accumulate from the castings of the worm, then that is the time that you need to stop feeding them. You also need to swap the second bin and the first bin at this time.
Setting Up a New Bin
The next thing that you need to do is to start creating a new bin on top using a bedding that is clean. Add a few castings and start feeding the kitchen scraps immediately into it.
After a few days, the worms will start migrating towards the new source of food. They will leave the bin, and they should be ready for harvesting within 3 weeks after you swap the bins.
Tips When Adding a Layer
Now if you feel the need to add bedding or food, then all you have to do is to lift the overlying bins until the level that you need is exposed. You can do lift them one by one since lifting them all at once can be too stressful for you.
Repeating the Process When Needed
The process can be repeated by alternating the top bins regularly. Just make sure to take the compost out when it starts to accumulate. You also need to make sure not tap the worm tea off once in awhile.
These are the tips on how to make a worm farm in your home successfully. Follow these tips, and you will surely be having your homemade worm farm in no time.