Did you know that both Vermiculite and Perlite can enhance the moisture and aeration in your garden's soil?
If you are not familiar with their differences, then reading the information below about vermiculite vs perlite is important.
The information below will help you decide which type of additive is perfect for your soil and your plants.
Vermiculite vs perlite is known as an additive to the soil that is both not organic. Vermiculite is made out of spongy material, while perlite is a kind of volcanic glass that is highly porous and one that resembles that of pumice.
Both may work to help be aerate and retain moisture; these two are different. Let’s find out below.
Vermiculite is a silicate that is made out of aluminum, iron, and magnesium from the minerals of micaceous. The crude ore will then be heated to 1472 to 2012 degrees Fahrenheit, which will cause the content of water to escape via steam.
This will then cause an increase in size by 200 fold. This type of expansion will be called exfoliation. Vermiculite is made out of granules that are brownish gold in color and are known to be a little spongy.
Vermiculite has an aeration that is medium in quality. The reason behind this is because of its soft nature, wherein the air doesn't have the ability to penetrate sufficiently enough.
Since this additive is soft in nature, it can efficiently hold and absorb water. This makes Vermiculite perfect for plants that need soils that are moist to live.
Vermiculite has a PH buffering that is high in capacity, while vermiculite has a medium cation exchange capacity. The reason behind this is because of its sponge-like texture.
Vermiculite is perfect for planting seedlings and seeds. It is perfect for plants that will require a soil that is perfectly moist and a lot of water.
It can also be used industrially, including for fire proofing for blast mitigate and as a substrate for the cultivation of fungi and growing mushrooms at home.
There are a lot of beneficial properties in Vermiculite, including, the strong properties of insulating and it lessens the fluctuations of temperature in soil.
It doesn't deteriorate whenever you store it in conditions that are dry. It is also non-abrasive and neon-irritant and will help absorb any nutrients that are in excess.
Perlite is a type of silica from the rocks of the volcano, including the obsidian. The crude ore will be heated to 1472 to 1562 degrees Fahrenheit, which will cause the water to start expanding and form the bubbles.
The ore will then grow to up to 15 times from its original size and form a perlite. This perlite is then composed of porous granules that are white in color and have edges that are sharp.
Perlite has a great property for aeration, and this is because of the structure and rigid shape that it has.
This additive is perfect for plants that are growing, which need a good drainage for the plant to thrive.
The problem with perlite is that it does not have the ability to absorb the water on its own. It just traps the water in between the spaces of granules.
Perlite has a PH buffering that is low and a low cation exchange capacity (what is soil cation exchange capacity) from the soil. This also means that it has a low capacity of providing the plant the cation that it needs.
Perlite has a PH buffering that is low and a low cation exchange capacity from the soil. This also means that it has a low capacity of providing the plant the cation that it needs.
There are a lot of beneficial properties in Perlite, including its nearly neutral PH, better aeration, drainage, and it doesn’t decompose and can last for an extended period.
Plus the roots of plants can effectively start growing. Lastly, it can help stop any compaction.
They both can contribute to improving the condition of the soil, including with water retention and aeration.
But knowing their different characteristics for you to know which to choose between the two. Always remember to choose something that you need for your soil and plants.
This is all the information about Vermiculite vs Perlite that you definitely should know to use them effectively.
I'm Ann Katelyn, Creator and Chief Author of Sumo Gardener. Since I was a child I've always been fascinated with plants and gardens, and as an adult this has developed into my most loved hobby. I have dedicated most of my life to gardening and started Sumo Gardener as a way to express my knowledge about gardening with the hope of helping other people's gardens thrive.